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The list below tells you what some of the words regarding Horses and Ponies mean.

 Action  The way a horse or pony moves.
 Aids  The signals that a rider uses to tell a horse or pony what to do. These usually include using your hands, legs, seat and voice.
 Approach The last few strides taken before a jump.
 Backing Getting on a horse or pony for the first time.
 Balanced A horse or pony is balanced when its weight and that of its rider is distributed correctly, enabling it to move easily.
 Bit The part of the bridle that goes in a horse or ponies mouth.
 Blaze A white mark down the front of a horses or ponies face.
 Body Brush A short bristled brush used for removing dirt from a horse or ponies coat.
 Body Protector A rigid waistcoat that helps to protect you if you fall off.
 Bone The measurement round the cannon bone, just below the knee.
 Bounce Fence A combination fence with no stride between the two.
 Breastplate A strap that goes around the horse or ponies neck which helps prevent the saddle from slipping.
 Breeches Riding trousers that go just below the knee, usually worn with long riding boots.
 Bridoon A snaffle bit used with a double bridle.
 Browband The part of the bridle that fits round the horse or ponies forehead and stops the headpeace from slipping.
 Bucking When a horse or pony kicks out its back legs or jumps up in the air lifting all its feet of the ground.
 Cannon Bone The bone in the leg between the knee and the fetlock. 
 Cantle The back of a saddle. 
 Cavesson A type of noseband.
 Chaff Chopped hay which is mixed with other feed to stop it being eaten too quickly.
 Change of Rein (or Changing the Rein) Changing the direction of travel when riding in an Arena, School or Menage. 
 Chaps Leather or Suede over-trousers that are used to protect the riders leg whilst riding. They can either be full-lengh or half-chaps.
 Cheeks The vertical side parts of a curb bit. 
 Cheekpiece The part of the bridle that supports the bit. 
 Cinch The girth on a western saddle.
 Clenches The nails in a horse shoe that hold it in place. 
 Clipping Removing a horse or ponies winter coat, to help prevent it from sweating excessively in the summer. 
 Colic Abdominal pain which can be serious and requires veerinary attention. 
 Collection Moving with shorter, more elevated strides. 
 Colt A male horse under the age of 4 years. 
 Concentrates Grains such as oats and barley.
 Conformation The overall shape and proportions of a horse or pony.
 Contact The link through the reins between a horse or ponies mouth and its riders hands.
 Crest The center of the arch at the top line of the neck.
 Cross-Country A riding course with jumps that has to be completed in a set time.
 Croup The highest point of the hindquarters.
 Curb Bit A bit with cheeks and a curb chain that acts on a horses head and chin as well as its mouth. 
 Curry Comb A plastic or rubber comb that can be used on a horses coat to remove mud and loose hair. 
 Dandy Brush A wooden brush with stiff bristles used for removing dry mud. 
 Deep Litter Mucking out a stable where only the droppings are removed, and the old bedding is covered over with fresh.
 Diagonal A pair of your horse or ponies legs that are diagonally opposite each other. 
 Dishing A horse or pony moving by throwing its front feet out to the side instead of straight ahead. 
 Disunited Cantering with one leg leading in front and the opposite leg leading behind. 
 DIY (yard) Do It Yourself. A livery yard where you have to muck out, turn out/in and all other associated tasks yourself. 
 Dock The area under the top of a horse or ponies tail. 
 Double Bridle A type of bridle with two bits. 
 Dressage The advanced schooling and training of a horse. 
 Dropped Noseband A noseband that fastens under the bit, prevent the horse or pony from opening its mouth. 
 Eel Stripe A dark stripe seen on a horse or ponies back. 
 Eventing A competition where you take part in events such as dressage or showjumping. 
 Extension Moving with longer, lower strides causing your horse or ponies outline to lengthen.
 Feathers The long hair that grows on the lower part of the the leg.
 Fender A leather flap that covers the stirrup leathers on Western saddles.
 Fetlock The joint just above the foot.
 Filly A female horse under the age of four.
 Flat Work Riding on the ground without any jumping involved.
 Flying Change Changing the leading leg in Canter.
 Foal A horse under one year old.
 Forage Food for a horse or pony, especially grass, hay and haylage.
 Forehand The head, neck, shoulders, withers and forelegs of a horse or pony.
 Forelock The part of a horse or ponies mane that falls over its forehead (similar to a persons fringe)
 Forward Position Leaning forward and taking your weigh on your knees. Used when jumping or galloping.
 Four-beat Pace When each foot hits the ground separately.
 Frog The V shape in a horse or ponies hoof.
 Full Livery Keeping your horse or pony at a livery yard whjere all the duties (mucking out, feeding etc) are done for you.
 Gait The pace at which a horse or pony moves (Walk, Trot, Canter and Gallop)
 Gamgee Cotton wool lined with Gauze for use under bandages.
 Gelding A castrated male horse or pony (unable to Breed) 
 Gig A two wheeled horse drawn vehicle. 
 Girth The strap that goes around a hose or ponies belly to securely hold the saddle. 
 Grass Livery  Keeping a horse or pony out on a livery yard.
 Gymkhana Mounted games and races. 
 Hacking Out Riding off the yard such as on roads or bridle paths. 
 Hackamore A type of bitless bridle. 
 Half-Bred A horse or pony with one Thoroughbred parent 
 Hands The units a horse or pony is measured in (hh or Hands High) 
 Harness The equipment used on a horse that is being driven. 
 Haylage Partly dry hay with the dust extracted, fed to horses or ponies with breathing problems. 
 Headpiece The part of a bridle that goes over a horse or ponies head. 
 Hogging Cutting off a horse or ponies mane. 
 Horse (Clasified as) 14.3 hands or higher.
 Hunter A horse used for hunting. 
 Impulsion The energy a rider creates in a horse by the use of legs and seat.
 In Hand Leading a horse or pony whilst on foot. 
 Inbred Bred from animals that are closely related to each other. 
 Jodhpurs Trousers worn by horse riders that go all the way down to the ankle.
 Jog A slow trot.
 Jump Off An extra round used to determine the winner in a showjumping competition. 
 Keeper A small loop on a strap where the end is put to keep it tidy. 
 Laminitis A inflammation or the inside of a horse or ponies feet, usually caused by over-feeding.
 Landing The stage of a jump where the horse or ponies leg touch the floor again. 
 Leading File A rider at the front leading the group. 
 Leading Leg The leg that is in advance of the others when cantering. 
 Leg Up A way of mounting a horse, where a helper holds onto your leg and helps you spring up into the saddle. 
 Liverpool Bit A driving bit with three different rein positions. 
 Loading Putting a horse or pony into a horsebox or trailer.
 Long-Reining Driving a horse whilst on foot. 
 Loose Box A stable in which a horse or pony is free to move about. 
 Lungeing Exercising a horse or pony on a long rein. 
 Manege An enclosed arena used for schooling (also called Arena, Ring or simply School) 
 Mare A female horse or pony ages four years or more. 
 Martingale A piece of tack that's designed to stop a horse or pony throwing its head up too high.
 Mealey  A light coloured horse or pony.
 Muzzle The area round a horses mouth. 
 Near Side The left side of a horse or pony. 
 Noseband The part of a bridle that goes around a horse or ponies nose. 
 Novice An inexperienced rider, horse or pony.
 Numnah A pad used under a saddle to prevent itching and absorb sweat. 
 Off Side The right side of a horse or pony. 
 On The Bit A horse or ponies head held in a way that enables the rider to have the best control. 
 Outline The shape a horse or ponies body makes when being ridden. 
 Part-Bred A horse or pony that has one pure-bred parent, or two pure-bred parents of different breeds. 
 Part-Coloured  When a horse or pony is more than one colour such as skewbald.
 Pastern Part of a horse or ponies leg between the foot and the fetlock joint. 
 Pelham A type of bit with two reins and a curb chain. 
 Poached Ground Ground that is cut up and muddy.
 Pommel The front part of a saddle. 
 Pony (Classed as) Stands up to 14.2 hands high. 
 Port A raised, half-moon shape in the mouthpiece of a curb bit. 
 Presence The way that a horse or pony carries itself. 
 Pulling (mane and tail) Pulling out long hairs. 
 Pure-Bred A horse or pony that has two parents of the same breed. 
 Quarter Marks Decorative patterns put on a horse or ponies quarters. 
 Quarters The area of a horse behind the saddle (hindquarters) 
 Quiet A calm horse that is not easily upset. 
 Rack A fast pace in which each foot hits the ground separately.
 Ragwort A yellow coloured plant that is poisonous to animals. 
 Rein Back Stepping backwards. 
 Reins The part of the bridle that runs from the bit to the riders hands. 
 Roller A broad band that fastens round a horses belly to hold a rug in place. 
 Running Out When a horse or pony refuses to jump a fence by running to the side off it. 
 Safety Tabard A high visability jacket worn when riding on the road so that other road users can see you clearly.
 Schooling Training a horse. 
 Seat The part of a saddle in which the rider sits. 
 Shying Jumping sideways when startled. 
 Side Reins Reins that run from the bit to a roller. 
 Skipping Out Collecting dropping from a stable using a skip. 
 Skull Cap A hard, brimless hat used for riding. 
 Sluggish A lazy horse or pony that is reluctant to work. 
 Snaffle A bit that is usually joined in the center and has two rings. 
 Spread Fence A wide fence with the back part higher than the front. 
 Stallion A male horse or pony, aged four years or more used for breeding. 
 Stamina The ability to keep going even when tired. 
 Stride The distance travelled by a horse or ponies foot between two impacts with the ground. 
 Stud Metal pieces screwed into a horse or ponise shoe to stop it slipping. 
 Surcingle A strap attached to a rug to fasten it around a horse or ponies belly. 
 Tack Pieces of saddlery used on a horse or pony (saddle, bridle etc) 
 Take-Off The stage of a jump when a horse or pony launches itself into the air. 
 Throatlash The part of the bridle that goes under a horse or ponies throat to stop it slipping. 
 Transition The change of once pace to another. 
 Tree The framework on which a saddle is built. 
 Up To Weight A horse capable of carrying a heavy rider. 
 Vaulting Jumping up onto a horse or pony without using stirrups. 
 Whip A device used to urge a horse or pony forwards. 
 Wind A horse or ponies breathing.
 Worming Giving medicine to kill parasitic worms inside a horse or ponies intestines.

Missing any you think should be here? Let us know.

Random Fact

The Mustang is one of the worlds most popular horses due to the Ford Mustang.

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